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 In The Court Of The Crimson King - King Crimson

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PostSubyek: In The Court Of The Crimson King - King Crimson   February 24th 2013, 11:34 pm

In the Court of the Crimson King
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the Court of the Crimson King

Studio album by King Crimson
Released 10 October 1969
Recorded 21 July – 21 August 1969,
Wessex Sound Studios, London
Genre Progressive rock, psychedelic rock, symphonic rock
Length 43:53
Label Island
(original UK release)
(original US release)
Producer King Crimson
King Crimson chronology
In the Court of the Crimson King
(1969) In the Wake of Poseidon
Singles from In the Court of the Crimson King
"The Court of the Crimson King"
Released: 1969
In the Court of the Crimson King is the debut studio album by the British progressive rock group King Crimson. The album reached number five on the British charts, and is certified gold in the United States.[1]
The album is generally viewed as one of the strongest of the progressive rock genre, where King Crimson largely stripped away the blues-based foundations of rock music and mixed together jazz and classical symphonic elements. In his 1997 book Rocking the Classics, critic and musicologist Edward Macan notes that In the Court of the Crimson King "may be the most influential progressive rock album ever released".[2] The Who's Pete Townshend was quoted as calling the album "an uncanny masterpiece".[3] In the Q & Mojo Classic Special Edition Pink Floyd & The Story of Prog Rock, the album came fourth in its list of "40 Cosmic Rock Albums".[4] The album was named as one of Classic Rock magazine's "50 Albums That Built Prog Rock".[5]
The album was remastered and re-released on vinyl and CD several times during the 1980s and 1990s. All of these versions were based on tape copies that were several generations removed from the originals. The original first-generation stereo master tapes were thought to be lost, but were finally located in a storage vault in 2003. This led to a much improved remastered CD version (see below) in time for the album's 40th anniversary.
Once again, in November 2010 the album was re-released both on vinyl and CD with newly cut masters approved by Robert Fripp. Remastering was executed by Steven Wilson of Porcupine Tree.
Contents [hide]
1 Album cover
2 Production details
3 Critical reception
4 CD editions
5 Track listing
6 Personnel
7 Production
8 References
[edit]Album cover

Barry Godber (1946–1970), a computer programmer, painted the album cover. Godber died in February 1970 of a heart attack, shortly after the album's release. It was his only painting, and is now owned by Robert Fripp.[6][7] Fripp had this to say about Godber:
Peter brought this painting in and the band loved it. I recently recovered the original from EG's offices because they kept it exposed to bright light, at the risk of ruining it, so I ended up removing it. The face on the outside is the Schizoid Man, and on the inside it's the Crimson King. If you cover the smiling face, the eyes reveal an incredible sadness. What can one add? It reflects the music.[8]
[edit]Production details

"The Court of the Crimson King" (1969)
37 second sample from King Crimson's "The Court of the Crimson King", demonstrating the sound of the first incarnation of the band, with its classically-influenced style and use of the Mellotron instrument.
Problems listening to this file? See media help.
King Crimson made their live debut on 9 April 1969,[9] and made a breakthrough by playing the Rolling Stones free concert at Hyde Park, London in July 1969 before an estimated 500,000 people.[citation needed]
Initial sessions for the album were held in early 1969 with producer Tony Clarke, most famous for his work with The Moody Blues. After those sessions failed to work out the group were allowed to produce themselves. The album was recorded on an 8-channel master tape recorder at Wessex Sound Studios in London, engineered by Robin Thompson. It took many hours of overdubbing to build up the orchestral sound of multiple layers of Mellotron and woodwinds played by Ian McDonald.
Soon after the recording sessions were completed in 1969, it was discovered that a stereo tape recorder used to mix the album had recording heads that were mis-aligned. A loss of high-frequencies and undesired distortion affected some parts of the album, most apparently on "21st Century Schizoid Man". The first-generation stereo master tapes were filed away and forgotten for many years. While preparing the first American release on Atlantic Records a stereo sub-master tape copy was created that attempted to correct some of the sound problems.
[edit]Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic [10]
Robert Christgau D+ [11]
Mojo [12]
Rolling Stone (favourable)[13]
Initial reception of In the Court of the Crimson King ran the gamut from bad to good. Robert Christgau hated it, calling it "ersatz shit".[11] Rolling Stone was more favourable, writing, "[t]hey have combined aspects of many musical forms to create a surreal work of force and originality."[13]
The album has since attained a classic status with Allmusic praising it "[a]s if somehow prophetic, King Crimson projected a darker and edgier brand of post-psychedelic rock" in its original review by Lindsay Planer but also calling it "definitive" and "daring" in its current review.[10]
[edit]CD editions

LP and CD re-issues during the 1980s and 1990s by Polydor and EG Records were taken from tape copies several generations removed from the corrected stereo sub-master tape. This resulted in a lack of clarity and excessive tape hiss. Several different remastered CD versions were released in this period while attempting to make the best use of the tape recordings that were available.
Virgin Records released a 30th Anniversary Edition in 1999. 24 bit remaster by Simon Heyworth, Robert Fripp and David Singleton at Chop 'Em Out, 3 August 1999. Scrapbook design: Hugh O'Donnell
The first generation stereo master tapes for the album were finally rediscovered in a storage vault. A 2004 HDCD version (described as the "Original Master Edition", DGM0501) was released on Robert Fripp's Discipline Global Mobile label. This release has greatly improved sound over previous CD editions. Modern digital technology was used to repair high frequency problems caused during the original mixing sessions. 24 bit mastering was also used to enhance the sound. This edition also has a twelve-page booklet that includes pictures and press clippings from the period.
With Fripp's collaboration Steven Wilson remixed the original 8-channel master tapes into 5.1 Surround Sound, and a 40th Anniversary edition was released on 12 October 2009.[14][15] There are three different versions: a two-CD set, a CD+DVD set and a six-disc (5CD/1DVD) box.
[edit]Track listing

Side one
No. Title Writers Length
1. "21st Century Schizoid Man" (including "Mirrors") Fripp, McDonald, Lake, Giles, Sinfield 7:21
2. "I Talk to the Wind" McDonald, Sinfield 6:05
3. "Epitaph" (including "March for No Reason" and "Tomorrow and Tomorrow") Fripp, McDonald, Lake, Giles, Sinfield 8:47
Side two
No. Title Writers Length
4. "Moonchild" (including "The Dream" and "The Illusion") Fripp, McDonald, Lake, Giles, Sinfield 12:13
5. "The Court of the Crimson King" (including "The Return of the Fire Witch" and "The Dance of the Puppets") McDonald, Sinfield 9:25

Robert Fripp – guitar
Ian McDonald – flute, clarinet, saxophone, vibes, keyboards, mellotron, vocals
Greg Lake – bass, vocals
Michael Giles – drums, percussion
Peter Sinfield – lyrics, illumination
Barry Godber – cover illustrations[16]

The original album featured the following credit: Produced By King Crimson for E.G. Productions – ' David & John'. David Enthoven & John Gaydon were the founders of EG Records, both of whom left the company during the 1970s. CD reissues of the album dating from the 1980s removed any mention of 'David & John'; the original full credit was restored in 2003 at the insistence of Robert Fripp.
Recorded & Engineered By Robin Thompson & Tony Page (also assistant engineer)
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